Tunstall and Silksworth villages only had around 200 residents until the pit opened in 1869. Colliery houses were built on the land between these villages by mine owner Lord Londonderry and this area become New Silksworth (These Houses are still here today).
In 1871, there were 396 people living in Silksworth Township and 192 in Tunstall. It was principally farmland until the new colliery opened in 1869. Ten years later, Silksworth had 401 and Tunstall had leapt to 4,306 - mainly due to the influx of miners.
The census studies showed that families had moved around colliery areas - some children had been born in these areas as families moved to new collieries, hence to Silksworth where Lord Londonderry provided new colliery housing as well as jobs. He built a wall around the modern colliery housing, and part of this wall still remains.
When the pit closed in 1971, everyone faced changes
Silksworth has produced an international professional footballer a league manager as well as a local champion footballers, cricketers and bowls teams. Churches, schools and shops were built to provide for hundreds of miners and their families, The Census Returns show that they came from all parts - Cornwall, Ireland, Scotland and even as far afield as Prussia and the United States of America.
St Matthews mission room was built in 1891 and became Silksworth Community Centre. In 1972 a youth activity area was added and youth activities were provided by volunteers of the community. Silksworth CA junior club began in 2005 and provided a basic level of youth provision on a Friday evening for the young people of Silksworth, as the Junior Club was a section of the CA it was very difficult to source sufficient funding to enable the club to buy equipment or to provide activities, the club joined forces with local youth provider hoping to improve local provision, after many broken promises by the provider to the CA, it 's staff and the local Young People the CA made the decision to break its ties with them.
In 2008 the young people formed their own youth project called Youth Almighty with the help and support of volunteers this was set up to provide opportunities for young people to meet in the community centre and take part in outside activities, to date the project has been successful in getting a number of grants to enable the project to have a residential visit, trips to the local recreational area and the setting up of a computer suite. The project boasts 120 members with each session getting between 80 and 100 young people attending. The project has gained funding from The Big Lottery, The Coalfield Regeneration Trust and delivers Youth Work in the Area on behalf of Sunderland City Council.